Exploring the Reasons for Why Are the Spanish Steps in Rome

When it comes to iconic landmarks that define Rome, the Spanish Steps are one of the most recognizable. Visitors to the city often marvel at the cascading staircase and the beautiful fountain located at the bottom. But have you ever stopped to wonder why they are called the Spanish Steps? Or why they are even in Rome in the first place? These are questions that some travelers may overlook, but they are worth examining to gain a deeper understanding of the city’s history and culture.

Dating back to the 18th century, the Spanish Steps were built to connect the Piazza di Spagna to the Trinità dei Monti church. The staircase consists of 135 steps that lead uphill to the church, which is located on top of a hill overlooking the city. The design of the stairs was entrusted to the Italian architect Francesco de Sanctis, who was tasked with creating a grand and elegant entrance to the church. However, the name “Spanish Steps” has caused some confusion over the years, as many people assume that they were built by the Spanish. In reality, the steps were funded by the French diplomat Étienne Gueffier, who wanted to leave a lasting legacy in Rome.

Over the years, the Spanish Steps have become much more than just a way to get to a church. They are now a symbol of the city itself, and they have inspired artists and poets for centuries. Whether you are visiting Rome for the first time or the tenth, the Spanish Steps are sure to impress. So take a moment to sit on the steps, listen to the sound of the fountain, and soak in the beauty of this iconic landmark. You may be surprised at how much history and culture you can discover just by taking a leisurely stroll up a flight of stairs.

History of Spanish Steps

The Spanish Steps in Rome are one of the most iconic landmarks in the city. With their remarkable design and rich history, it is not hard to see why. This impressive set of steps, which lead up to the Trinità dei Monti church, has been a cherished attraction for visitors to Rome for centuries. To truly appreciate the beauty and significance of the Spanish Steps, it is essential to understand their rich history.

A few centuries ago, the area now occupied by the Spanish Steps was a vineyard owned by the French. The square at the bottom of the staircase is named after them – Piazza di Spagna. The steps themselves were built between 1723 and 1725 by the French diplomat Etienne Gueffier. Gueffier wanted the staircase to be a grand entrance for the church at the top. It was designed by the famous architect Francesco de Sanctis, and it’s not difficult to see why it continues to be a beloved architectural marvel even to this day.

The Spanish Steps were not just for show, though. They were actually a practical way of getting from one part of the city to another. The staircase linked the Trinità dei Monti church above with the Piazza di Spagna below. The steps themselves are composed of twelve different short flights, with the total number of steps reaching 135 in total.

With its grand design, and roots in both French and Italian history, it is no wonder that the Spanish Steps continue to fascinate visitors from all over the world. Whether you are admiring the city from the top of the steps, or simply soaking in the stunning architecture, it is easy to see how history and modernity come together to make the Spanish Steps such an essential part of any visit to Rome.

Design and Architecture of Spanish Steps

The Spanish Steps in Rome showcase a beautiful blend of design and architecture that enhance the overall beauty of the area. The steps were designed by an Italian architect, Francesco de Sanctis, in the early 1700s and were financed by the French diplomat Etienne Gueffier. The objective was to connect the Spanish embassy and the Trinita dei Monti church at the top of the hill.

The iconic stairway consists of 135 steps, divided into 12 flights, with several small terraces. The steps are of varying widths, and the tight interlocking design makes it possible to climb the stairs from both the top and bottom. The entire structure is made of Travertine stone, a popular choice for construction in Rome during that time. The steps are characterized by their elegant curves, which mimic the shape of a cascading waterfall, presenting an illusion of motion.

  • The steps start at Piazza di Spagna, where the Spanish embassy is located, and lead to the Trinita dei Monti church, located at the top of the hill.
  • The four terraces on the Spanish Steps each feature fountains designed by the famous baroque artist Pietro Bernini and his son Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
  • The central archway that opens up at the top of the stairs frames a beautiful view of the city centre of Rome.

One of the remarkable highlights of the Spanish Steps is its ability to blend in with the surrounding environment, bringing together the architectural and natural elements. The greenery on the terraces, coupled with the beautiful Baroque architecture of the church, creates a tranquil and serene atmosphere around the landmark.

To ensure that the Spanish Steps remain an important monument, an extensive renovation project took place between 2014 and 2016, which involved cleaning and restoring the structures. The renovation reinstated the original shine and glamour of the stairs, which had become dull over the years, making it a stunning attraction once again.

Location Architect Materials Used No. of Steps Date Completed
Piazza di Spagna, Rome, Italy Francesco de Sanctis Travertine stone 135 1725

The Spanish Steps are not only an iconic landmark in Rome but also a testament to exceptional design and architecture. The combination of the curves, materials used, and the overall aesthetic creates a stunning monument for visitors to behold.

Surrounding Attractions Near Spanish Steps

As one of the most iconic landmarks in Rome, the Spanish Steps don’t just offer a spectacular view, but also provide its visitors with a range of exciting experiences. Here are some of the best attractions located near the Spanish Steps:

  • The Trevi Fountain: Located just a few steps away from the Spanish Steps, the Trevi Fountain is a must-see when in Rome. Its stunning Baroque design and the legend of throwing a coin into the fountain ensures you’ll have good luck and return to Rome.
  • Piazza del Popolo: Just a short walk from the Spanish Steps, Piazza del Popolo is one of the largest urban squares in Rome. It’s a popular spot to relax and take a break, and also features an Egyptian obelisk at its center.
  • Villa Borghese: Sitting on top of Pincian Hill, Villa Borghese is one of the most beautiful parks in Rome. Apart from its incredible gardens and breathtaking views, it also houses a world-famous art collection, including works by Caravaggio, Bernini, and Raphael.

The History of the Spanish Steps

Comprised of 138 steps, the Spanish Steps were built in the early 18th century to connect the Piazza di Spagna and the Trinita dei Monti Church. They were named after the Spanish Embassy to the Holy See, which lies adjacent to the steps.

Over the years, the Spanish Steps have been a popular spot for social gatherings, performances, and protests. In the 1950s, legendary film director Federico Fellini saw the steps as a symbol of Rome and included them in his films, putting them on the map as a must-visit spot.

The Spanish Steps Today

Today, the Spanish Steps continue to be a hub of activity, with street performers, artists, and vendors lining the area. The steps are also a popular spot to watch the sunset and are beautifully lit at night.

Visiting Information Details
Location Piazza di Spagna, Rome, Italy
Hours Open 24/7
Admission Free

While visiting Rome, make sure to take a stroll up the Spanish Steps and experience the stunning views and surrounding attractions for yourself.

Famous Films and Events at Spanish Steps

The Spanish Steps is a popular destination among tourists and locals in Rome alike. Besides being a beautiful spot for photographs, the steps and the plaza have been featured in several famous films and events in the past century. Here are some noteworthy examples:

  • Roman Holiday: This 1953 movie starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck is perhaps the most famous film to feature the Spanish Steps. In the movie, Hepburn’s character Princess Ann famously eats gelato at the foot of the steps before falling asleep on Peck’s character’s shoulder.
  • The Talented Mr. Ripley: The 1999 movie adaptation of the novel by Patricia Highsmith features a scene where Tom Ripley (played by Matt Damon) visits the Spanish Steps to see his friend Dickie Greenleaf (Jude Law) perform.
  • Missoni Fashion Shows: The famous Italian fashion brand Missoni has held several fashion shows on the Spanish Steps, including one in 2015 that featured a catwalk spanning the entire width of the steps.

Beyond films and fashion events, the Spanish Steps have been the site of several other notable events throughout history, including cultural festivals, political rallies, and religious celebrations. The steps are a unique and versatile location that has played a significant role in Rome’s history and culture.

Event Date Description
Festival of the Immaculate Conception December 8th Since the 19th century, the Spanish Steps have been the site of the Festival of the Immaculate Conception, a Catholic holy day. Crowds gather at the steps to see the papal procession and hear the pope recite a prayer. The evening ends with a choir singing at the top of the steps.
Protests Against the Italian Republic April 25th, 1945 After hearing that the Americans and British were close to liberating Rome, a group of Italian fascists gathered at the Spanish Steps to protest the Italian Republic, which they saw as a puppet government controlled by the Allies. The protest quickly turned violent and was ultimately put down by Allied troops.
Talent Show for Charity June 23rd, 2012 A talent show for charity was held on the Spanish Steps featuring various celebrities and politicians. The show raised over 1 million euros for the Italian Red Cross.

In conclusion, the Spanish Steps have been a significant cultural and historical site in Rome for many years. From famous films to political rallies and cultural festivals, the steps have played a versatile and important role in the city’s culture and tradition.

Restoration of the Spanish Steps

Throughout the years, the Spanish Steps in Rome have undergone several restorations to ensure its preservation. Here are some of the notable restoration efforts:

  • In 1995, the landmark underwent its first major restoration, which was funded by the Bulgari family. The project took 500 million lire or roughly around $300,000 to complete and lasted for two years.
  • In 2012, the steps underwent a major cleaning effort which was done with water and a mild detergent. The project was mostly focused on removing the accumulated dirt and grime on the steps.
  • In 2014, a ban was implemented by the city council to prevent sitting on the Spanish Steps. This was a response to the increasing number of tourists and locals alike using the iconic landmark as a picnic spot. The ban was aimed at reducing the wear and tear on the steps that came with sitting on them.

Restoration efforts on the Spanish Steps have also been a source of controversy, especially among locals. Here are some of the issues raised in recent years:

One of the most significant controversies surrounding the restoration of the Spanish Steps was the use of travertine marble from Tivoli in the renovation process. The decision to use the marble, which was not sourced locally, was met with opposition from conservationists and locals alike who believed that the steps should only be restored using materials from the area. Proponents of the decision, on the other hand, argued that the objective was to ensure the longevity of the landmark, which was more important than the source of the materials used.

Year Amount Spent (EUR) Description
1995 250,000 First major restoration funded by the Bulgari family, took two years to complete.
2015 200,000 Installation of new lighting system on the Spanish Steps.
2014 100,000 Renovation of the Barcaccia fountain located at the base of the steps.

Despite the opposition, restorations on the Spanish Steps continue to be a vital part of its preservation, ensuring that this iconic landmark continues to stand the test of time.

Why Spanish Steps are a Popular Tourist Destination

The Spanish Steps have become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rome, attracting millions of visitors every year. There are several reasons why this iconic landmark has gained worldwide fame and recognition.

  • Historical Significance: The Spanish Steps hold great historical value, dating back to the early 18th century when they were commissioned by Pope Innocent XIII. The steps were built to connect the church at the top with the Spanish embassy at the bottom. Today, the steps serve as a symbol of the Baroque architecture and remain an important piece of Roman history.
  • Panoramic Views: The Spanish Steps offer panoramic views of the surrounding buildings and the city of Rome. There are also numerous cafes and restaurants that offer a beautiful setting for tourists to enjoy their meals while admiring the stunning views.
  • Shopping Destination: The area surrounding the Spanish Steps is known as one of the most trendy shopping districts in Rome. The streets are lined with designer boutiques, cafes, and jewelry shops, making it an ideal destination for shopping enthusiasts from around the world.

The Spanish Steps have also been featured in several films, including “Roman Holiday” starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck, making it an iconic part of the city’s cultural identity.

Overall, the Spanish Steps have something to offer for every type of traveler. Whether you are a history buff, a scenery lover, or a shopping enthusiast, the Spanish Steps will not disappoint you.


In conclusion, the Spanish Steps have gained their fame and popularity due to their historical significance, breathtaking panoramic views, and trendy shopping destinations. Millions of tourists from around the world visit this iconic landmark each year, making it one of the most prominent symbols of Rome’s cultural identity.

Reasons Why Spanish Steps are a Popular Tourist Destination
Historical Significance
Panoramic Views
Shopping Destination

So, if you are planning a trip to Rome, do not forget to add the Spanish Steps to your list of must-visit destinations, and experience the magic of this iconic landmark for yourself.

Local Legends and Folklore of Spanish Steps

The Spanish Steps in Rome have been a famous tourist destination for centuries. These steps have been the setting for many local legends and fascinating folklore that adds to their charm and wonder. Here are some of the most intriguing tales and legends surrounding the Spanish Steps:

  • The number seven: One of the most commonly mentioned numbers in relation to the Spanish Steps is seven. The steps themselves have seven landings, and it is believed that if you climb each of the seven landings, you will be blessed with good luck and fortune. Additionally, there are seven streets leading to the base of the Spanish Steps, and each one symbolises one of the Catholic Seven Deadly Sins.
  • The statue of the Virgin Mary: At the top of the Spanish Steps is a beautiful statue of the Virgin Mary, known as Madonna della Purità. It is believed that if you make a wish and touch your heart while standing in front of the statue, the wish will come true.
  • The Fountain of the Ugly Boat: At the base of the Spanish Steps is the famous Barcaccia fountain, also known as the “fountain of the ugly boat.” According to legend, the fountain represents a boat that was carried to this spot during the flooding of the Tiber River in the late 16th century. The boat was so ugly that it was left to rot in the spot where the fountain now stands.

These local legends and folklore surrounding the Spanish Steps add to the enchantment and allure of this beautiful attraction. The stories and traditions help to connect us to the history and culture of Rome and provide tourists and locals alike with a deeper appreciation for this iconic landmark.

Next time you visit the Spanish Steps, make sure to climb all seven landings and touch your heart in front of the statue of the Virgin Mary – who knows, your wish might just come true!

So why are the Spanish Steps in Rome so famous? From their rich history and stunning architecture to the intriguing folklore and local legends, the Spanish Steps are a must-visit attraction that represents the heart and soul of Rome.

Number 7 in the Spanish Steps Symbolism
The Spanish Steps have 7 landings Good luck and fortune
There are 7 streets leading to the base of the Spanish Steps Catholic Seven Deadly Sins

Visit the Spanish Steps to experience the beauty and wonder for yourself, and uncover more fascinating tales and legends that make this attraction one of the most famous in Rome.

FAQs About Why Are the Spanish Steps in Rome

1. What are the Spanish steps in Rome?

The Spanish Steps is a set of 135 steps that connects the Piazza di Spagna at the bottom to the Trinita dei Monti at the top. It is also known as Scalinata di Spagna in Italian.

2. Why are they called the Spanish Steps?

The Spanish Steps were named after the Spanish Embassy to the Holy See, which is located nearby.

3. Who built the Spanish Steps?

The Spanish Steps were built between 1723 and 1725 by the architect Francesco de Sanctis.

4. What is the significance of the Spanish Steps?

The Spanish Steps are famous for their beautiful design and the stunning view that it offers. It is also a popular spot for tourists and locals alike to sit, relax and enjoy the ambiance.

5. Can you climb the Spanish Steps?

Yes, you can climb the Spanish Steps, but it is important to be respectful of the historical landmarks and not to damage them in any way.

6. Are there any events that happen at the Spanish Steps?

The Spanish Steps are often used as a location for fashion shows, concerts, and other cultural events, making them a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.

7. Is it free to visit the Spanish Steps?

Yes, visiting the Spanish Steps is completely free of charge.

Thanks for Reading!

We hope you found this article informative and helpful in understanding why the Spanish Steps are located in Rome. If you have any other questions or comments, feel free to contact us. We encourage you to visit Rome to see the beautiful Spanish Steps in person and experience the rich historical and cultural significance that it holds. Thanks for reading and see you soon!